The district was established in 1891 as an independent neighbouring village and incorporated into Heidelberg. Being a fishers and winery village in former times the small little houses in Rahmengasse near the marketplace still show the village-like character.

Neuenheim has developed into one of the most attractive locations in Heidelberg due to the proximity to the old town and the university in Neuenheimer Feld.
Numerous art nouveau mansions built from 1860 on show various architectural styles and ornamentations combined in one house which was common at that time. This variety of facades as well as the remaining huge gardens still mark the picture of this city district even today.

For the protection of this specific nature many of the houses are government protected and the Neuenheim citizens are strongly committed to keeping the flair and the character of this district.